Osteoarthritis and Chiropractic

December 12, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Kim Christensen asked:

It is a common notion that osteoarthritis comes with aging but it is not like that. It has been observed that older people are not necessarily sufferers of osteoarthritis and it is not necessary that they will have to suffer the pain. Even someone young can develop this problem.

OA or osteoarthritis is more common in women than men and affects around 20 million Americans. It is also known as the degenerative joint disease. The slippery tissue that meets in a joint towards the end of the bones is known as the cartilage. In OA, the cartilage is affected. The main function of the cartilage is to help the bones to glide over one another. In case of OA, the cartilage does not work properly and breaks down. Due to this, the bones do not glide and just rub against each other which results in pain, swelling and loss of motion. Recent researches have shown that OA is not due to aging although the general observation of OA is in people above the age of 65 years. Various factors contributing in OA are lack of exercise, joint injuries, family history of OA and overweight.

In order to diagnose osteoarthritis, there are patient examination, x-rays and clinical history that need to be taken care of. Tests like drawing fluid from the joint are at times performed. Continuous pain in the joint, stiffness in the joint after sleeping,sitting or not moving for a long period of time, swelling in the joints or a crunching feeling when the bones rub against one another are some of the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

In order to treat or even prevent osteoarthritis, exercise is an important thing to do. It results in strengthening of muscles around the joints and provides proper functioning and moving of the joints. The key factors that affect the seriousness of the symptoms are the patient’s mood and outlook. Exercise helps in improving that and the weight of the patient as well.

Chiropractors have a good knowledge about the symptoms and treatment of OA. They can determine the effect of degenerative changes in the spine, knees, hips and other joints that can get affected. They can help the patient reduce the pain and get the condition back to normal. With the various methods that are available, chiropractors can help the patient achieve long term relief. So, consult your chiropractor in case you think you are suffering from OA and can notice the symptoms.

Osteoarthritis in Dogs

December 12, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Robert D Hawkins asked:

Over time joint cartilage simply starts to degenerate, leading to loss of joint mobility and many times pain. Osteoarthritis in dogs is characterized by thinning of cartilage, buildup of fluid within the joint, and the formation of bony outgrowths around the joint. Joint degeneration can be brought about by a number of reasons factors, including: trauma, the body’s own immune system, infection, or birth related disorders. Joint degeneration leads to inflammation, and abnormal joint function.

Signs of osteoarthritis in dogs include joint swelling, lameness, wasting away of muscle, and thickening and scarring of he joint membrane. Over time a large amount of joint damage can be done leading to the dreaded bone on bone grating sound. If X-rays are required they should reveal an increase in fluid within the joint, soft tissue swelling around the joint, soft tissue swelling around the joint, the formation of bony outgrowths, hardening and thickening of bone beneath the cartilage, and sometimes a narrowed joint space.

Treatment can include medication, surgery, or natural supplementation. Prescription drugs commonly prescribed are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain and inflammation. While these drugs are initially helpful they can sometimes cause gastrointestinal problems such as lack of appetite, vomiting, and inflammation of the stomach and intestines. Corticosteroids are another option for curbing inflammation, but they too may produce unwanted side effects if taken over a long period of time. You should consult your veterinarian to gain a better understanding of the risk involved with prescription dog osteoporosis medications.

On occasion surgery may be the only alternative, especially if the osteoporosis is in its advanced stages or if joint trauma is involved. Surgical options include joint fusion, joint replacement, cutting of the joint, and even amputation. The prognosis will depend on the severity of the joint disease and the location of the damaged joint.

Natural supplementation has been shown to be helpful in regenerating cartilage and bone without the unintended consequences. There are currently some excellent natural health options available which can be taken as stand alone remedies or in addition to conventional dog osteoarthritis medications. These alternative treatment options for dog osteoarthritis are definitely worth investigating further.

Other potentially helpful treatments for dog osteoarthritis are weight reduction, carefully monitored exercise regimes (only on soft surfaces), and use of joint heat therapy. Joint fluid modifiers may prove helpful in limiting further cartilage loss.

Osteo Arthritis

December 11, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Paige Walker asked:

Osteoarthritis is also known by other names, such as “degenerative joint disease” and ‘osteoarthrosis’. Anybody can get OA and it is most common in middle-aged and older people, especially women over 45. Women are twice as likely as men to be affected by this disease. Osteoarthritis is coupled with severe joint pains, though sometimes patients complain of inflammation as well.

Symptoms

Osteoarthritis symptoms are:

o Pain in the joints
o Stiffness of joints you use normally
o Inflammation of joints, especially your knees, fingers, hips, back and feet. It rarely affects any other joints in the body
o Stiffness of the joints in the early mornings
o Limitation in movement and physical activity

Causes

There are many factors that cause Osteoarthritis, though age is a primary reason. It is not only that you will get osteoarthritis because you are getting old, but because by then you body has seen much wear and tear. There are factors with old age that can be the cause. Like it could be hereditary, you might have weight issues or because of intense athletic activities your joints bear the marks. Muscle weakness and a prior injury, which could have shocked your joints, can be a cause of osteoarthritis. You can never change what you inherit from your parents by way of genes, but you can definitely take care of your health and lead a healthy lifestyle. Exercise regularly and eat well.

Treatments:Medication

Pain medication and strengthening your joints is the start of your journey to healing. The thing about osteoarthritis is that it is curable, so you shouldn’t be afraid. You should consult with your doctor and make a detailed medical plan that will include medication to help pain and also include vitamin supplements and other tonics that will help strengthen your bones. Doctors recommend the use of glucosamine-based medications, but these should only be prescribed by your doctor.

Therapy

You can use hot and cold therapy to alleviate the pain. A hot compress increases the blood flow to your joints and helps soothe the inflammation, whereas a cold compress has a numbing effect on your nerves, which are very sensitive to pain, and also helps in reducing the swelling.

Exercise

Exercising is one of the best things you can do for your body. It increases the blood flow to all parts of your body and keeps your muscles and bones warmed up. Keeping your joints flexible is the most helpful as then there is less stiffness and less pain.

Ointments

There are many pain relieving Arthritis creams, ointments and sprays that can be of immense help. Herron Pharmaceuticals has an impressive range of products for osteoarthritis. Check them out for more info: http://herron.com.au.

Lifestyle

A change in your lifestyle is not an easy task for all, but if you are suffering from osteoarthritis, then it is a small price to pay. All you need to change is your eating habits and kick the cigarette. Alcohol should be drunk in moderation and weight should be kept in check, as the less pressure on your joints, the better.

Osteoarthritis – Learn How It Affects The Human Body

December 11, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Jack Harmon asked:

Osteoarthritis defines the failure of the synovial lined, movable joint. The basic factor in Osteoarthritis is the destruction of the articular cartilage that lines the facing side of the bone that forms a joint.

In Idiopathic or Primary Osteoarthritis, which is the most common form of the disease, no definite predisposing factor is established.

Secondary Osteoarthritis is completely distinguishable from the primary Osteoarthritis. There is some disease that leads to is formation.

Osteoarthritis is, by far, the most common arthritis disease of the human and more than 100,000 persons in the United States are so crippled by this disease that they are unable to go to toilet from the bed.

Age is the most prominent risk factor for the disease. Researchers have found that, among women below 45 years of age, only 2% were suffering from it.

Between the ranges of 45 to 64 years, the prevalence is 30% and over the age of 65 years, the rate is more than 68%.

Major bodily injury and repetitive use of the joint are the next common culprits. Meniscus damage and or Anterior Crutiate Ligament injury can lad to knee Osteoarthritis – the joint mostly involved.

Obesity is a substantial risk factor for both hand and knee Osteoarthritis. It as noted that mere reduction of 5 kilo weight lowers the odds ratio of potential chance to having Osteoarthritis by 50%.

Sometimes the role of heredity as a risk factor for developing the disease is mentioned. It is noticed that the mother and the sister of a woman with DIP (Distal Interphalangeal Joint) Osteoarthritis (Heberden’s nodes) are two to three times risk of developing Osteoarthritis in the same joints.

It is stressed that Osteoarthritis is the destruction of the articular cartilage of a joint. But it is not the whole scenario.

In Osteoarthritis, the entire joint is affected- the synovium, subchondral bones, the menisci, ligaments and the surrounding neuromuscular tissues.

The main clinical finding in Osteoarthritis is acute pain in the affected joint. Nocturnal pain, hampering the sleep process is seen in the advanced hip Osteoarthritis and may be debilitate a patient.

Stiffness of the joint occurs as there is inactivity. Joint instability, because of stretching of the capsule of the joint occurs besides muscle spasm.

The diagnosis of the Osteoarthritis [http://www.arthritissymptoms.org/osteoarthritis.htm] is usually dependent on clinical and radiological finding. In early stages, the radiography may be normal except there is some loss in the joint space. Gradually there is formation of osteophytes and subchondral sclerosis.

No laboratory tests are useful to diagnose a case of the disease except to determine the cause in the secondary Osteoarthritis.

Treatment of Osteoarthritis is intended towards relieving pain, preserving joint mobility and reducing disability.

The first option is weight reduction. As the joints become weak in Osteoarthritis, they can not bear the same weight as they were used to. Losing some weight lowers the load to a particular joint, thus improving the pain situation.

Patellar taping is a less expensive, useful way of reducing pain. Mere taping over the patella with some isometric exercises improves the power of the muscles around the knee joint.

This in turn helps to qualitative weight bearing capacity of the joint. Hot fomentation and cold compress are equally effective to reduce pain. Rational engagement in exercise can control it a lot.

Among the medication, the first line of therapy consists of using NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs).

The newer generation Selective COX-2 inhibitors are doing a good job in effective controlling of pain and reducing the incidence of Acid Peptic disorder.

Invasive methods of treatment include Intra-articular injection of Steroidal component and Hyaluronan.

General Information About Osteoarthritis

December 11, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Amaury Hdz Aguila asked:

Common Characteristics of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is one of the most common ailments associated with getting older, and it is therefore most common in those parts of the world where people live the longest. More than 15 million Americans receive medical attention for osteoarthritis each year, and more than twice that many are affected by it to some degree. However, it rarely results in serious disability.

Osteoarthritis is essentially a “wear-and-tear” disorder. In typical cases, symptoms appear after the age of 50, and usually in the large joints that bear the most weight–the hips, knees, shoulders and spine.

Pain and stiffness are at their most uncomfortable upon arising in the morning and are likely to be intensified during damp, cold weather. (This does not mean, however, that symptoms are likely to disappear in a warm, dry climate.) Redness and swelling of the affected joints may also occur. Joints, particularly in the fingers, may become permanently gnarled by osteoarthritis, but this almost never interferes with their function. Painless bony bumps, known as Heberden’s nodes, may also appear symmetrically on the fingers of both hands or on toe joints as well.

Causes of Osteoarthritis

When a person is young and spry, the joints between the bones swing freely like efficient, well-oiled hinges. Stresses and strains are absorbed by the cartilage pads that provide cushioning and lubrication at the ends of the bones where they constantly come together as the parts of the body make their coordinated movements.

Over the years, these protective layers become eroded, lubricating fluids diminish and the result is a sensation often described as “creaking” at the joints. In addition to a decrease in smoothness of function, small growths, or spurs, may develop on the bones in the area of the joints. These are 10 times more prevalent among women than among men and are likely to aggravate an already uncomfortable condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Since the weight-bearing joints are the ones most commonly affected, stiffness and discomfort in the knees and hips are likeliest to occur first, especially in the overweight person or in someone whose life style involves long stretches of standing or walking. A visit to the doctor for diagnosis normally includes close inspection of painful areas as well as X-ray examination of the joints in question. (when X-ray pictures are taken for diagnosis of some other condition in younger patients, they usually reveal the beginnings of cartilage erosion in the weight-bearing joints at a stage that does not yet produce associated symptoms.) Other than X-rays and visual examination, there are no other diagnostic tests for osteoarthritis.

Treatment of Osteoarthritis

Where overweight exists as a contributing factor, efforts should be made to lose the extra pounds and keep them off. Application of warm, moist heat, slow and gentle massage of the affected joints and a reduction (not a total cessation) of normal activities are ways in which patients can help themselves when there is an intensification of discomfort. Where pressure on the weight-bearing joints can be diminished through postural adjustments, special exercises may be recommended.

Drug Therapy

Although inflammation is not one of the initial symptoms of osteoarthritis, as the joint degeneration progresses, swelling, redness and other signs of inflammation may occur. When this happens, anti-inflammatory drug therapy may be recommended.

Aspirin. Patients who can tolerate high doses of aspirin may be treated with this drug alone. However, patients on anti-inflammatory aspirin therapy, which may involve taking 16 or more tablets a day, should be aware of possible side effects, among which the most common are ringing in the ears, heartburn and other gastrointestinal upsets. To minimize gastrointestinal complications, the aspirin should be scheduled after meals. Acetaminophen, in smaller dosages, may be recommended as an alternative to aspirin.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. These are relatively new drugs that relieve the pain and joint inflammation of osteoarthritis. It is the physician’s role to match the patient with the particular drug that will be most suitable and effective without adverse effects. Sometimes drugs are used in combination, but whatever the procedure, supervision by the doctor is usually indicated if maximum benefit is to be achieved.

Steroids. In those few cases where other measures fail, steroid drugs (cortisone) may be injected into the damaged joint for temporary relief. However, long-term treatment with steroids is not recommended for osteoarthritis.

Surgery

When an older person suffers such severe osteoarthritis that most normal activity becomes impossible, surgical replacement of the affected joints may be considered. Hip replacement, in which the entire hip joint or head of the femur is replaced, is the most common operation of this type. The replacement joint is made of plastic and metal parts and is held in place by special plastic cements. The artificial joints allow the previously immobilized patient to be relieved of crippling pain, and most activities can be resumed following physical therapy and regaining of muscle function.

More recent joint replacements include the knee–a joint that is more complicated than the hip and, consequently, poses more engineering problems in replacing. However, the newer artificial knee joints are providing good results, both in terms of pain relief and restoration of function.

Traumatic Arthritis

Closely related to osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis is usually the result of excessive joint use combined with injury. It is commonly seen in athletes. Rest will usually resolve the problem, although in some instances, drugs or surgery may be required, particularly in the case of athletes who need to quickly regain the use of the injured joints.

Summing Up

For millions of people, osteoarthritis is an inevitable condition of aging. Most cases can be handled by rest and common sense. Anti-inflammatory drugs–both non-prescription painkillers such as aspirin or acetaminophen, or prescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents–may be used during flare-ups.

Osteoarthritis rarely turns into a crippling disease, but as newer and more effective drugs are available for reducing aches and pains to a minimum, there is little reason for allowing this particular cause of physical discomfort to be a dominating factor in determining one’s life style in advancing years.

Home Remedies for Osteoarthritis that Work

December 11, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Michael Byrd asked:

Some home remedies for osteoarthritis can work wonders.

A good one will strengthen the immune system, prevent the spread and severity of the disease and provide safe relief from painful inflammation.

Home remedies for osteoarthritis are particularly important since there are serious proven dangerous side effects when taking commercial painkillers like Celebrex, Vioxx, Bextra and Aleve.

When you consider the fact that most prescribed arthritis medications are not proven to be safe and don’t strengthen the immune system or offer long-term pain relief, it only makes good sense to take a more holistic approach.

Plus, more and more evidence shows that lifestyle changes, diet and home remedies can both help prevent arthritis and provide relief from the painful symptoms. As a result, more and more people with osteoarthritis are living happier, healthier lives.

Although the cause is still unknown, most experts agree that arthritis is connected to a breakdown of the immune system.

This happens when the immune system is either too weak to prevent viruses from attacking the joints or it has lost the discretionary power to recognize the difference between healthy cells and viruses. Therefore, a faulty immune system destroys both.

If not managed, arthritis can grow progressively worse and cause very limited range of motion and permanent damage. For example, rheumatoid arthritis that starts in one joint can spread throughout the entire body, if it’s not prevented.

Therefore, at the first sign of joint stiffness, pain or swelling, it’s important to take action towards prevention. It’s an even better idea to start before symptoms begin.

You want both safe relief from the pain and inflammation, plus a stronger immune system for controlling the spread of the disease.

The natural home remedy solution for osteoarthritis is basically the same as it is for any arthritis or degenerative disease.

The American Medical Association recommends supplements for everyone, especially people dealing with degenerative diseases like osteoarthritis. So begin improving your immune system with a healthy diet that includes whole food supplements – particularly fish oil.

Moderate exercise combined with a healthy diet can help you reach and maintain your optimum weight. Every extra pound puts additional stress on joints increasing the odds of painful arthritis.

Low impact exercise, such as walking, swimming or yoga, are also good low stress ways to strengthen bones, joints and muscles, improve flexibility and reduce depression, fatigue and stress.

You’ll also need to cut back or eliminate red meat, since those who eat more red meat have twice the risk of arthritic pain compared to those who eat red meat no more than once a week.

For further building up of your immune system, replace non-nutritious foods in your diet with more whole grains, colorful fruits and vegetables and cold water omega 3 fish, such as salmon.

The most important of all home remedies for osteoarthritis is pure fish oil supplements. Fish oil is a natural anti-inflammatory pain reliever and has been proven to help protect people from arthritis.

Arthritis – Treating Mild Osteoarthritis Pain

December 5, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Hilary Basile asked:

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease or osteoarthrosis, is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs when cartilage in your joints wears down over time. Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in your body, although it is most commonly affects the hands, hips, knees and spine. It typically affects just one joint, though in some cases several joints can be affected, such as with finger arthritis.

There is no cure for osteoarthritis and it gradually worsens with time, but treatments can relieve pain and help you remain active. Actively managing your osteoarthritis may help you gain control over your osteoarthritis pain.

For mild osteoarthritis pain that is bothersome, but not enough to have a great impact on your daily activities, your doctor may recommend the following: Rest. If you are experiencing pain or inflammation in your joint, rest it for 12 to 24 hours. Find activities that don’t require you to use your joint repetitively. Take a 10-minute break every hour. Exercise. With your doctor’s approval, exercise regularly when you feel up to it. Stick to gentle exercises, such as walking, biking or swimming. Exercise can increase your endurance and strengthen the muscles around your joint, making your joint more stable. Avoid exercising tender, injured or swollen joints. Stop if you feel new joint pain. New pain that lasts more than two hours after you exercise probably means you have overdone it. Weight loss. Being overweight or obese increases the stress on your weight-bearing joints, such as on your knees and your hips. Even a small amount of weight loss can relieve some pressure and reduce your pain. Talk to your doctor about healthy ways to lose weight. Most people combine changes in their diet with increased exercise. Heat and cold. Both heat and cold can relieve pain in your joint. Heat relieves stiffness and cold relieves muscle spasms. Use a heating pad, hot water bottle, or a warm bath. Heat should be warm, not hot. Apply heat for 20 minutes several times a day. Cool the pain in your joint with cold treatments, such as with ice packs. You can use cold treatments several times a day, but don’t use cold treatments if you have poor circulation or numbness. Physical therapy. Ask your doctor for a referral to a physical therapist. A physical therapist can work with you to create an individualized exercise plan that will strengthen the muscles around your joint, increase your range of motion in your joint and reduce your pain. Occupational therapy. Find ways to manage daily tasks without stressing your joints. Speak with an occupational therapist for help managing tasks or work without putting extra stress on your already painful joint. Pain creams. Over-the-counter pain creams and gels available at the drugstore may provide temporary relief from osteoarthritis pain. Some creams numb the pain by creating a hot or cool sensation. Other creams contain medications, such as aspirin-like compounds, that are absorbed into your skin. Read the label so you know what you are using. Pain creams work best on joints that are close the surface of your skin, such as your knees and fingers. Braces or shoe inserts. Consider trying special splints, braces, shoe inserts or other medical devices that can help reduce your pain and immobilize or support your joint to help you keep pressure off it. Chronic pain class. Ask your doctor about classes in your area, or check with the Arthritis Foundation, to find classes that help people with osteoarthritis or chronic pain. These classes teach skills to help manage your osteoarthritis pain. You’ll meet other people with osteoarthritis and learn their tips for reducing joint pain or coping with your pain.

Osteoarthritis in Horses

December 3, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Robert D Hawkins asked:

Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) is a progressive loss of joint cartilage.

Erosive Osteoarthritis

December 3, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Kristy Annely asked:

Erosive arthritis affects multiple small joints of the hand. Patients who have never had a trauma or injury and do not have any history of metabolic or inflammatory condition are the ones who are diagnosed with erosive osteoarthritis which is classified as primary osteoarthritis. X-ray of the affected joint is the most effective test for the diagnosis of this condition.

Erosive osteoarthritis is the most prevalent form of osteoarthritis. Though the disease is not uncommon in men and women, but particularly people in their sixties are the most susceptible to this condition. It is believed that it often occurs mostly due to genetic traits. It usually occurs in women after their menopause but no clear relation with the level of hormones in the patient and the onset of the disease has been established as yet.

In the early stages of the disease, the treatment usually aims at reducing the enormous amount of pain caused by the various conditions brought forth by the disease. Attempts are also made towards reducing the load felt by the joints. Using walking sticks and weight loss programs are common methods for doing the same. Mobilization of the joints, through prescribed exercises is also a part of the treatment at this stage.

In the intermediate stage of the disease is osteotomy, which is a surgical operation where a bone is cut to lengthen, shorten or change its alignment. This operation is usually performed for younger patients.

In the later stages of the disease, the incessant pain requires drastic methods of treatment. In such a case, Arthroplasty is performed on patients over the age of 60. It is a surgical process in which a malformed or degenerated bone is either replaced or reconstructed. However, this operation is not suitable for treatment of younger patients as the demands placed on the affected bones physically are much greater and many a times, the surgery is only a temporary remedy.

Differences Between Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis

December 1, 2010 by  
Filed under Osteo-Arthritis Articles

Zach Smith asked:

Arthritis is the medical term used to refer to the inflammation of the joints. There are about 150 varieties of arthritis that have been identified. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are described as the most common of these varieties.Sometimes people are confused as to what type of arthritis they suffer from. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are two totally different types of arthritis. This article shall establish all the common points of distinction which will help you distinguish both types of arthritis.

General Description

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is characterized by the progressive break down of bone cartilage. This medical condition is the result of aging, trauma, or advanced wear and tear. The parts that are usually affected are the hips, knees, lower spine, and hands.

Women are prone to the hand involvement and are affected as early as in their 20s. This debilitating condition causes classic deformities to the fingers.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, is defined as anti-inflammatory disease of the soft tissues around the joint and the synovium. The synovium is the lining of the joint.

It is classified as an autoimmune disease. The more advanced types can affect all other organs of the body and multiple joints are usually involved with rheumatoid arthritis.

This severe inflammation usually leads to the secondary damage of the joint. It is considered as the most crippling and disabling type of arthritis.

Causes of Osteoarthritis and RA

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is basically an age-related disease. The disease is characterized by the increase of water content with the progressive degeneration of the protein composition of the cartilage.

The factors that increase the risk of developing arthritis include:

* Joint injury
* Repetitive use and stress of joints
* Weight problems
* Family history

RA

This type of arthritis has continued to confound medical experts about the causes for the abnormal autoimmune response associated with the disease. Several theories suggest to a possible link of the disease to a genetic predisposition and a triggering event.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis often attacks the larger weight-bearing joints, which include the hips and knees. It is generally associated with pain in the affected joint after repetitive use or activity. It is involves morning stiffness which lasts a half hour or less and joint pain that worsens as the day progresses. The joints affected by osteoarthritis can also swell, feel warm, and become stiff after prolonged activity. Osteoarthritis also results to the development of bone spurs, bony enlargement and limited range of motion.

Rheumatoid Arthritis:

RA specifically affects the smaller joints of the hands, wrists and feet. The stiffness experienced due to rheumatoid arthritis is worse after rest, especially first thing in the morning. This stiffness normally last at least 30 minutes or more. Further, rheumatoid tends to affect the knuckles and the wrist more. These are points that are usually not affected by osteoarthritis.

These are the major points that establish the wide ranging difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It is essential that the major distinctions between the two types of arthritis are accurately established. This determines the success of the diagnosis of these types of arthritis.

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